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Structural element of a building
For people named Dormer, see Dormer (surname).
Gable dormers at Hospices de Beaune in Beaune, France
Pair of hip roof dormer windows on the Howard Memorial Hall, Letchworth

A dormer is a roofed structure, often containing a window, that projects vertically beyond the plane of a pitched roof.[1] A dormer window (also called dormer) is a form of roof window.

Dormers are commonly used to increase the usable space in a loft and to create window openings in a roof plane.[2] A dormer is often one of the primary elements of a loft conversion. As a prominent for 1 last update 2020/08/06 element of many buildings, different types of dormer have evolved to complement different styles of architecture. When the structure appears on the spires of churches and cathedrals, it is usually referred to as a lucarne. Dormers are commonly used to increase the usable space in a loft and to create window openings in a roof plane.[2] A dormer is often one of the primary elements of a loft conversion. As a prominent element of many buildings, different types of dormer have evolved to complement different styles of architecture. When the structure appears on the spires of churches and cathedrals, it is usually referred to as a lucarne.

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History[edit]

The word dormer is derived from the Middle French dormeor, meaning "",[3] as dormer windows often provided light and space to attic-level bedrooms.[2]

One of the earliest uses of dormers was in the form of lucarnes, slender dormers which provided ventilation to the spires of English Gothic churches and cathedrals. An early example are the lucarnes of the spire of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford. Dormer windows have been used in domestic architecture in Britain since the 16th century.[4]

DIY Colapsable Sawhorse Planshow to DIY Colapsable Sawhorse Plans for Dormer windows were popularised by French architect François Mansart, who used dormers extensively in the mansard roofs he designed for 17th-century Paris.[5]

Today dormers are a widespread feature of pitched roof buildings.

for 1 last update 2020/08/06 TypesTypesDIY Colapsable Sawhorse Planshow to DIY Colapsable Sawhorse Plans for [edit the 1 last update 2020/08/06 ]]

Some of the different types of dormer are:

  • Gable fronted dormer: Also called simply a gabled dormer, this is the most common type.[6] It has a simple pitched roof of two sloping planes, supported by a frame that rises vertically to form a triangular section below the roofline, i.e. a gable. It is also known as a dog-house dormer (due to its similar shape).
  • Hip roof dormer: Also called a hipped dormer,[7] it has a roof composed of three sloping planes that rise from each side of the dormer frame and converge at the ridge—analogous to the hip roof.
  • Flat roof dormer: The roof of this dormer is a single flat plane approximately horizontal (although usually slightly inclined to allow rain water to run off).
  • Shed dormer: This dormer also has a single flat plane roof, but in this case, it is sloped in the same direction as the principal roof, only at a shallower angle.[8] A shed dormer can provide head room over a larger area than a gabled dormer, but as its roof pitch is shallower than the main roof, it may require a different roof covering.
  • Wall dormer: As opposed to the dormer being set part way up the slope of the roof, this is a dormer whose face is coplanar with the face of the wall below. This means that the face of the dormer is essentially a continuation of the wall above the level of the eaves.
  • Eyebrow or eyelid dormer: A low and wide dormer with a curved roof and no sides. Instead, the roof covering is gradually curved up and over the dormer in a flattened bell curve.[9]
  • Link dormer: This can be a dormer that houses a chimney or a dormer that joins one part of a roof to another.[10]
  • Bonneted dormer: This is an arched roof dormer, rounded in shape when viewed from front. Popular in Victorian homes, especially in certain areas, like the Southcott-style row-houses called Jellybean Row in St. John''s Architectural Glossary, Yale University Press, p. 80, ISBN 978-0-300-16721-4DIY Colapsable Sawhorse Planshow to DIY Colapsable Sawhorse Plans for
  • ^ a b "". Planning Portal website. Gov.uk. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  • ^ "" (PDF). TCPA. October 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  • ^ The Bedside Book of Dormers and Other Delights: A Pictorial Guide to Traditional Architectural Details in Ulster
  • ^ About Loft Conversions (2008). ""nofollow""external text""http://www.aboutloftconversions.co.uk/dormer.html"", About Loft Conversions.
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